A variety of options are available for businesses with regard to choosing the language for their mobile or desktop web-based apps. Ruby on Rails, Python, PHP, and .NET framework are the languages most preferred by industry leaders. Businesses should be aware of the advantages and limitations of each programming language before deciding on one. Read on to get a basic overview of the pros and cons of the most commonly used programming languages for app development.
Ruby on Rails is one of the best tooling languages available to programmers. The Ruby on Rails framework is built on the Ruby programming language. It is widely popular among startup and big companies alike. Ruby on Rails is available as an open-source since July 2004. Ruby on rails provides an excellent advantage for developing CPU-based applications and performs extensively well in CPU-intensive applications. It also proves useful when the businesses are on a tight schedule as it can allow for rapid application development. A fully functional prototype of the app can be developed using just a few commands, enabling developers to test various combinations of features and functions before settling on the final design. Ruby has been used by massive companies like Twitter, GitHub, and Treehouse. Small to medium businesses can adopt the Ruby on Rails framework as their apps aren’t heavily dependent on graphics and mostly utilize CPU memory.
Python is one of the most broadly used languages by developers for the development of mobile or web-based apps. Python supports multiple programming templates such as functional paradigm and object-oriented programming. Data collection is also easier with Python when compared to other programming languages. Data forms the backbone of many businesses and Python performs better in collecting test data. Also, coding in Python is relatively easy and hence is the go-to language for most developers.
The major disadvantage of Python is that it has a slow speed of execution. Python has high memory consumption and thus is not used in web browsers. However, the pros outweigh the cons heavily and hence Python has become one of the most favored languages for app development. Businesses looking to develop a mobile app with limited features can opt for Python as their programming language.
PHP is one of the most popular web languages along with Python. Major corporations like Facebook and WordPress use PHP for their websites. One of the biggest advantages of PHP is its simplicity. Unlike other programming languages, PHP frameworks simplify web application maintenance. Businesses can get their apps or websites coded quickly. The PHP framework reduces coding time significantly by providing code generation features. PHP has been in existence for about twenty-two years. Over the years, developers have refined the language, removing bugs and other issues. The language has become one of the most stable programming languages due to constant development.
The only disadvantage that PHP brings along is that it is not suitable for the development of large applications. Businesses looking to develop a not so feature-rich app can consider PHP as their coding language.
The .NET framework programming model supports the development of software for Microsoft platforms like Windows, Azure, and Windows phone platforms. The .NET framework was developed by Microsoft and it runs mainly on Microsoft Windows. The framework provides language interoperability across several programming languages. The .NET framework was developed to overcome many of the problems faced by developers in app development. The advantages of the framework include short development cycles, low development costs, and ease of deployment. For Windows Apps, .NET has been used extensively since its inception and has become hugely popular over the years.
One of the major disadvantages of .NET is that the framework involves dependency on the vendor, in this case, Microsoft. The further development of the apps developed using .NET framework depends upon the addition of features by Microsoft.
Java highly versatile programming language. Java serves the purpose of the development of web-based apps as well as offline mobile and desktop apps. Java has been extensively used in banking, healthcare, and government services apps. It is also preferred by developers of Android apps and proves to be a good option for businesses launching android apps.
The major disadvantage of Java is that it performs poorly with features in GUI. Apps developed with Java tend to perform slowly in high graphic environments. Java was mostly used for mobile app development in the early years and has seen a decrease in its popularity ever since. Also, Java is slow in terms of computing speed and also takes up more memory space. Since time is a critical resource in today’s day and age, businesses and app developers can’t afford to spend a huge amount of time on developing a single app.
Businesses should consider all the pros and cons of different programming languages before choosing one for their apps. Firms providing app development solutions can guide businesses in choosing the language best suited for app development according to their client’s needs. Once the app is live, businesses should not overlook the maintenance of their mobile apps or web-based apps to prevent potential business losses. They should be equally concerned about the app maintenance as they were with the app development. They must invest in an app maintenance contract to continue reaping its benefits throughout the app’s lifecycle.