In the digital age, smart devices have become more apparent in various industry sectors and our homes. In 2018 alone, 23.14 billion IoT devices were installed worldwide and projections suggest that the number of IoT devices will grow up to 26.66 billion in 2019. Such smart devices have introduced numerous advanced applications such as predictive analytics in marketing, traffic monitoring in smart cities, predictive maintenance in manufacturing, and virtual assistants in smart homes. Hence, tech giants or startups and app developers are teaming up to develop end-to-end smart devices for different businesses as well as smart homes. However, there are multiple technicalities you need to consider before starting any smart device project.
User interface is one of the most important factors for improving overall user experience. You have to collaborate with app developers and designers to create a clean, visually appealing, and user-friendly UI for users. Also, user interface design should be consistent across software, web app, and mobile app. Additionally, app developers have to develop different mobile apps for various operating systems such as Android and iOS. Besides, the user interface should be capable of seamlessly integrating several smart devices from different vendors as users would not prefer using multiple apps. For this purpose, your app’s user interface should offer third-party device integration.
Smart devices are required to be connected to cloud services using an internet connection. Hence, you have to plan how your smart device will connect to the cloud based on its application. For example, if you are building a smart home device such as a smart toaster, it can be connected using WiFi. However, a farmer in Edmonton who uses IoT sensors to monitor soil condition in smart farming will need mobile networks for connection. Therefore, you need to install appropriate hardware based on your network requirements. Additionally, the advent of 5G will further improve mobile internet speeds and network coverage. Hence, smart device manufacturers must include appropriate hardware to support upcoming networks.
Consumers may own multiple smart devices from different vendors. For instance, if a smart home has a smart light bulb and a smart AC manufactured by different vendors, then a single app that connects both of these devices will be increasingly convenient. In such situations, your smart device should be compatible with the user’s IoT ecosystems allowing seamless integration with multiple smart devices. For this purpose, smart device manufacturers offer several APIs and SDKs that an app developer can utilize for building compatible software and apps. Also, your smart device requires a future-proof design that enables adapting to next-gen smart devices. Furthermore, you can allow other developers to add new features to your smart device using appropriate APIs and SDKs. For example, Amazon Echo allows developers to program and extend the functionality of the virtual assistant by adding new features.
Connected devices are extremely vulnerable to multiple cyber threats. For instance, hackers recently gained access to smart thermostat inside a fish tank of a casino. Cyber attackers stole critical data of several casino customers. Likewise, smart devices are prone to security breaches especially in industries such as healthcare and marketing, where a high profile data breach can compromise crucial data of thousands of people. Therefore, your smart device needs advanced security protocols to ensure security and privacy of consumer data. To secure data exchange among smart devices and cloud, the shared data must be encrypted. Furthermore, incorporate adequate authentication mechanism to protect data from intruders. Similarly, encryption and access control must be incorporated to secure data saved on cloud.
Maintaining smart devices is a crucial task after installing them. App developers can offer over the air (OTA) updates to eliminate bugs. Also, new cyber threats are discovered every month exploiting various security loopholes in IoT devices. Such security flaws and loopholes can be fixed using security patches. Also, updates can upgrade the software and introduce new features for smart devices.
In a manufacturing company, multiple IoT sensors and devices are required for several applications such as inventory monitoring and predictive maintenance. Such sensors will be connected across the warehouse. Controlling and processing data in all these sensors can be complicated for a single cloud. For such situations, you can implement edge computing to process data across every connected device. Edge computing enables peer-to-peer, distributed network of smart devices that also helps reduce network traffic. Such advanced technologies are increasingly utilized in industrial IoT. Also, edge computing reduces network latency to offer faster data processing compared to cloud-based computing. Therefore, implementing cloud computing along with edge computing is the most feasible approach for using smart devices.
Every day, 2.5 quintillion bytes of data is created by users like us. The rise of IoT will generate even more data. Several organizations are collecting critical data for various purposes such as creating personalized marketing campaigns. Likewise, you can deploy modern technologies such as big data to generate analytics from collected consumer data. Such analytics will help you gain essential insights about customer requirements. Using the collected data, you can create better products and incorporate new features into smart devices.
Developing smart devices for business or personal use can be a complicated process that requires a dedicated team of skilled developers. Expert developers at Digital Fractal in Edmonton can help you develop user-friendly apps for your smart device.